Based on the results of the 2020 Population Census (SP2020) released by the Bali Province Central Bureau of Statistics (BPS), it was noted that the majority of Balinese people are dominated by Generation Z and Generation X. Meanwhile, the Millennials Generation is in third place.
Based on SP2020 data, the population of Bali Province as of September 2020 was recorded at 4,32 million people. In ten years, starting from 2010, the population of Bali has increased by about 426,65 thousand people, or an average of 42,66 thousand each year. As for male gender 2.171.105 people and female 2.146.299.
Of the 4,32 million people, 87,73 percent or around 3,79 million people live in accordance with the Family Card (KK). Meanwhile, 12,27 percent or about 0,53 million other residents do not live in accordance with their KK. This number indicates that there are residents who have migrated from their previous residence.
Reporting from the Bali Province BPS data, the proportion of Generation Z is 26,10 percent and Generation X is 24,50 percent of the total population of Bali’s population. These two generations are included in the productive age which can be an opportunity to accelerate the rate of economic growth.
In terms of demographics, in 2020 all Generation X and Millennials are in the productive age group. Meanwhile, Generation Z consists of a population of unproductive and productive ages. It is estimated that in about seven years, all Generation Z will be in the productive age population group.
This condition is both an opportunity and a challenge for Bali, both in the present and in the future. This generation has the potential to become actors in development that will determine the future of Indonesia, especially Bali.
Six generations make up the composition of the population in Bali Province. The following is the order based on William H. Frey’s classification, analysis of Census Bureau Population Estimates (June 25, 2020):
Generation Z: born in 1997-2012, the estimated age is now 8-23 years of 26,10 percent
Generation X: born in 1965-1980, the estimated age is now 40-55 years of 24,50 percent
Millennials: born in 1981-1996, the current estimated age of 24-39 years is 23,20 percent
Baby Boomer: born in 1946-1964, the estimated age is now 56-74 years of 13,79 percent
Post Generation Z: born in 2013 onwards, the estimated age from now to 7 years is 9,51 percent
Pre-Boomer: born before 1945, the estimated age is now over 75 years of 2,90 percent
According to BPS records, the percentage of the population of productive age ranging in age from 15 to 64 years has continued to increase since 1980. In 1980, the proportion of the population of productive age was 56,31 percent of the total population and increased to 70,96 percent in 2020.
The sharp difference between the percentage of the population of productive and non-productive age is getting sharper in 2020. This reflects that Bali is still in the demographic bonus period because 70,96 percent of the population is still in the productive age.
On the other hand, along with the increase in life expectancy, the percentage of the elderly population (60 years and over) has also increased. Elderly people in Bali Province increased by 12,47 percent in 2020 compared to 2010 which was only 9,77 percent. In 2020, Bali has entered the era of its aging population, a condition when the percentage of the population aged 60 years and overreaches more than 10 percent.
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