The implementation of the Restrictions on Community Activities (PPKM) for the Java-Bali region has been officially extended through the Instruction of the Minister of Home Affairs from 23 February to 8 March 2021. To break the chain of transmission of the COVID-19 virus during the Corona pandemic, there are new regulations that must be implemented.
The latest PPKM regulation applies to provincial and village communities in the Java-Bali region.
The Chairperson of the Committee for Handling COVID-19 and National Economic Recovery (KPC-PEN), Airlangga Hartanto, confirmed the extension of the micro PPKM from February 23 to March 8, 2021.
The implementation of PPKM from February 9, which was previously carried out according to the Ministry of Home Affairs Instruction No. 3 of 2021, has succeeded in reducing the number of positive COVID-19 numbers on a national scale, namely -17.27 percent in a week.
An extension that will start on February 23 to March 8 will be carried out to continue the steps to handle the spread of Corona.
PPKM Regions and Zones
In decree number 10 of the latest Minister of Home Affairs Instruction, several areas are emphasized obliged to impose PPKM.
These areas are areas where the death rate is above the national average, the cure rate is below the national average, the positive rate is above the national percent, and the hospital and isolation rooms have reached 70 percent.
Point 12 explains that all Java-Bali regions that have the four criteria above must carry out PPKM so that the number of COVID-19 transmissions is reduced.
From the provincial to village or RT levels, they are separated into several zones which are used as an assessment for the steps to be applied.
1. Green Zone
When one RT does not have an active case of Corona, monitoring of the potential will continue to be carried out with routine and periodic tests. This is known as an active surveillance measure.
2. Yellow Zone
In one RT, if there are 1 to 5 houses affected by COVID-19, control is carried out by tracing the contacts of people who have contact with contaminated individuals. Also, there will be independent isolation for the positive.
3. Orange Zone
If there are 6 to 10 houses infected with the COVID-19 virus during the past week, the implementation of control is carried out by contact tracing, self-isolation for those who are positive and closing several public places that have the potential to spread the virus.
4. Red Zone
Designation of this zone if more than 10 houses have been affected by active cases of the Coronavirus in the past week.
Measures are taken to control such as searching for positive people, tracing contacts of people who interact, self-isolation, closing public places, banning crowds, limiting going out of the house until 8:00 p.m., and stopping all social activities in the surrounding environment.
Here is a summary of the PPKM rules that will take effect from February 23, 2021:
Offices apply 50% work from home (WFH) policy. Teaching and learning activities are still carried out online.
The essential sector operates on 100% capacity with health protocols.
The shopping centers or malls operate until 21.00 with health protocols.
For restaurants, it is allowed to eat on the spot with a maximum of 50% capacity. Delivery service is still allowed.
Then, construction activities operate on 100% capacity with health protocols. Places of worship can function on maximum 50% of their capacity with health protocols.
Public facilities have been temporarily suspended. Public transportation follows regional conditions by setting capacity and operating hours.
Airlangga said PPKM and PPKM micro for the past five weeks had proven to significantly reduce the number of active cases of Covid-19.
The trend of active cases in five provinces, namely DKI Jakarta, Banten, West Java, DI Yogyakarta, and East Java has decreased.